Threatened Mammal species
There are three mammal species in the Capricornia
region that fall into this category.
A species is considered to be endangered if- it has not been
seen in the
wild for a period of time, habitat has been reduced to the point where
the species is in danger of extinction, the population size has reduced
to a point where the species is in danger of extinction or the survival
of the species in the wild is unlikely if a threatening process
|A major threat is
predation wild dogs. Other threats to the population are
such as toxoplasmosis (found in cat faeces) or mange and while cattle
and sheep may have contributed to the decline of the wombat through
competition for food the current population at Epping Forest is kept in
a fenced enclosure.
primarily by foxes and feral cats, and some predation from wild dogs,
habitat loss, modification and degradation (through land clearing,
drought, fire, and buffel grass) and competition with introduced stock
(mainly sheep) and rabbits.
||Habitat loss and
competition with introduced animals. As agricultural
extended over the more fertile regions of Australia the Bilby's habitat
has changed rapidly. Changing fire patterns also affect the type and
abundance of food plants. Competition with introduced animals
a major threat as domestic stock like cattle and sheep eat the same
plants. Rabbits compete with Bilbies for their food and burrows and
foxes and feral cats also prey on them.
There are five mammal species in the Capricornia
are in this category.
A species is considered to be vulnerable if its population is
decreasing, its population has been seriously depleted, its population
is at risk from a threatening process, its population is localised or
depends on a limited habitat.
||It is suspected that
alteration of foraging habitat through sand mining and coastal
development threatens the species.
|| Dugong are
vulnerable to boat strike as they come to the surface to breathe,
putting them directly in the path of boats and other watercraft. Boats
travelling at speed or in shallow waters over seagrass beds or coral
reefs pose the greatest threats. Dugongs are also under
from diminishing food sources. Seagrass meadows, are being
detrimentally affected by pollution (pollutants can include herbicide
runoff, sewage, detergents, heavy metals, hypersaline water from
desalination plants, and other waste products), algal blooms, high boat
traffic and turbid waters.
|| In the
past 30 years, local
population reductions and disappearances have been recorded in
Queensland and the Northern Territory. The water mouse is mostly
threatened by habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation. This has
resulted from urban development, sand mining, land reclamation, swamp
drainage, feral animals, recreational vehicles, discharge of polluted
waters and chemical pollution (runoff from agricultural and urban
lands, exposure of acid sulphate soils and off-shore pollution events).
||Known threats to the
are disturbance to roost sites from mining operations, collapse of old
mines, or human disturbance. Also suspected as threats, are reduction
in prey populations related to predation from cats and foxes, or
changed fire regimes.
||Whales were nearly
hunted to extinction and in the early 1960’s it was
estimated there were less than 500 left. Today the population
recovered to around 10,000.
can you do to help?
If you would like to help our threatened species there are a number of
ways that you can get involved. You can contact the CCC
Coordinator to enquire about community involvement or you can
become directly involved in one of the programs described below.
You can donate to the Save the Bilby Fund by going to the web site
You can join or donate to the Wombat Foundation at http://www.wombatfoundation.com.au/
You can volunteer as a caretaker at the Epping Forest National Park
captive breeding project by contacting the QPWS office in Rockhampton
who will put you in touch with the Ranger in charge at 07 49360511.
Volunteer to assist at the Hairy-nosed Wombat Research
based at Rockhampton Zoo. Contact the Customer Service Centre
1300 22 55 77.
Bridled Nailtail Wallaby
You can join or donate to the Bridled Nailtail Wallaby Trust at http://www.bntwallaby.org.au/to_donate
You can also volunteer for Project Kial at Taunton National Park near
Rockhampton, for further information go to http://www.bntwallaby.org.au/conservation/captive_breeding_-_project_kial
Seagrass-Watch is a community-based monitoring program developed by
Queensland's Primary Industries and Fisheries (QPI&F)
conjunction with CRC Reef, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service and
community groups. Seagrass-Watch collects data about the
condition and trend of near-shore seagrasses throughout Queensland and
provides an early warning of major changes in seagrass abundance,
distribution and species composition. If you are interested
becoming a Seagrass-Watch volunteer check out the web site http://www.seagrasswatch.org/home.html
The source of information for the threatened mammal species in
Capricornia was the Department of Environment and Resource Management
(DERM) website at http://www.derm.qld.gov.au/wildlife-ecosystems/wildlife/threatened_plants_and_animals/index.html